Earthing is the process of creating an alternative path for the flow of fault/excessive currents safely into the ground in the presence of minimal resistance or impedance.

The primary purpose of earthing is to reduce the risk of serious electric shock from current leaking into uninsulated metal parts of an appliance, power tool, or other electrical devices. In a properly earthed system, such leaking/fault current is carried away harmlessly while tripping the fuse. Earthing also provides protection from large electrical disturbances like lightning strikes and power surges. It also aids in the dissipation of hazardous static electrical charges.

Although most electrical systems have fuses or circuit breakers for protection against a fault current, the human body may be fatally electrocuted by a current of less than one ampere which is well below the point at which a fuse or breaker will operate. Earthing helps minimise such hazards from occurring.

Earthing is basically a metal conductor which goes into the ground near the structure. It helps in the efficient discharge of all the fault currents/ surge currents present in the electrical system. It also helps in dissipating the high voltages which are passed on through the lightning arrestors atop buildings.


It decides the Earthing System for any Plant and Equipment

Earth resistance to be calculated for Earthing System design

Soil Resistivity varies with different soils and so earth resistance value


Low impedance

Corrosion Resistant

Sufficient mechanical strength to hold fault current

Environment friendly

Plate Earthing

A copper or GI plate of adequate size is placed vertically down inside the ground at a depth of 3m and is embedded in alternate layers of salt, charcoal and sand. In addition, water is poured for keeping the earth electrode resistance value well below a maximum of 5 ohms. The earth wire is securely bolted to the earth plate.

Plate Earthing Dimensions in mm Thickness in mm
Copper Plate 600 * 600 3.14
Galvanisation 600 * 600 6
Standard of Compliance: IS 3043
Standard of Compliance: IS 3043


PIP technology consists of adequately galvanized coaxial pipes to prevent the electrode from getting corroded. The volume between the inner and outer pipes of the electrode is occupied by CompactFill, a compound formula developed by CIKIT which aids in increasing the electrical conductivity, service life and current with-stand capacity of the earthing electrode. It constitutes elements picked up from nature and is anti corrosive too. When compared to the plate earth system the pipe earth system can carry larger leakage currents as a much larger surface area is in contact with the soil for a given electrode size.

Hot Dip Galvanised Outer Dia/Wall Thickness in MM Inner Dia/Wall Thickness in MM Length in Metres Micron Thickness
48mm / 3.2mm 26.9mm / 2.3mm 2 & 3 80-100
76mm / 3.6mm 42.4mm / 2.6mm 2 & 3 80-100
Pure Copper Outer Dia/Wall Thickness in MM Inner Dia/Wall Thickness in MM Length in Metres Grade
48mm / 3.2mm 26.9mm / 2.3mm 2 & 3 99.99% Electrolytic Copper
76mm / 3.6mm 42.4mm / 2.6mm 2 & 3 99.99% Electrolytic Copper
Standard of Compliance: IS 3043
Tested & Certified By: CPRI, India.

Rod Earthing

CIKIT”S Armour brand copper bonded earth rods are made by molecularly bonding 99.9% pure electrolytic copper on to a low carbon steel core.

They are highly resistant to corrosion, and because the steel used has a very high tensile strength, they can be driven by power hammers to great depths.

Copper thickness minimum 250 microns as per UL standards.

Technical Specification
Copper Bonded Rods Rod Dia Length Microns
14mm 2 & 3 250
17mm 2 & 3 250
20mm 2 & 3 250
25mm 2 & 3 250
32mm 2 & 3 250
Standard of Compliance: UL 467
Tested & Certified By: UL.


Earthing Compound is a soil enhancement material which is mixed with water and put around the earth electrode to bring down the resistivity and enhance the performance of the earthing system.

Earthing Compound – Advantage

Hydroscopic in nature

Enhances Earth Electrode conductivity (Electrolytic Gel)

Maintains moisture to enhance conductivity around electrode.

Does not leach in to the normal soil.

Reduces soil resistivity around the electrode.

Non Toxic & Eco Friendly

This is made of eco-friendly materials mixed in different proportions. It has good conductive and hygroscopic properties. It absorbs moisture when mixed with water and retains the same around the earth electrode for a long period of time. It retains moisture around earth electrode as well as dry conductive properties. These compound comes in a package of 25 kgs which is best suited for a 2 meter long electrode and in the case 3 meter long electrode we suggest 50 kgs minimum.

Carbolite is a clay based compound mixed with other minerals to increase the efficiency of its electrical conductive properties. It is best suitable for low resistive soil.


This is a premium conductive carbon based compound, effective, durable and high conductive material that dramatically reduces impedance and enhances the performance, reliability and longevity of earthing systems. It is highly electrical conductive, noncorrosive and environmentally neutral material.

Standard of Compliance: IEC 62561-7 2011
Tested & Certified By: National Test House (NTH), Chennai.

View Other Products

Lightning Arrestors
    • ESE Lightning Arrester
    • Conventional Lightning Arrestors
    • Single Air Terminal
    • Bus Bar
    • Earthing Conductor
    • U Bolt Clamp
    • Earthing Rod Clamp
    • Full Threaded Coupler
    • Half Threaded Coupler
    • Square Tape Clamp
    • DC Flat Clamp
    • Test Link
    • Copper Flexible connector
    • Flexible Tinned Braid
    • Chamber and Cover
    • Cable clamp ( C type )


CIKIT Electricals & Technologies India Pvt. Ltd.

#3, D.A.Swamy Avenue,

Thirumullavoil Road, Korattur,

Chennai 600 080